Emilio Castelli, ITALY
Xanthan gum is widely used in oral and topical pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, and foods as a suspending and stabilizing agent. It is also used as a thickening and emulsifying agent. It is nontoxic, compatible with most other pharmaceutical ingredients, and has good stability and viscosity properties over a wide pH and temperature range.
Although primarily used as a suspending agent, Xanthan gum has also been used to prepare sustained-release matrix tablets. Controlled-release tablets of diltiazem hydrochloride prepared using xanthan gum have been reported to sustain the drug release in a predictable manner and the drug release profiles of these tablets were not affected by pH and agitation rate.